Wine making culture in Georgia counts 8000 continuous history and it’s proved by various archeological discoveries and historic facts. A lot of exhibits related to wine making, dated thousands years of exisatnce are preserved in meuseums of Georgia.
In the south region of Georgia, in Marneuli field , called wrecked hill settlement, archaeologists found grape seeds characteristic for BC. Sec. 6th millennium and according to several morphological and ampelographic features, grape vine species – were awarded as "Vitis Vinifera Sativa"
Traces of the oldest cultural grapes and wine are discovered in other settlements ( Shulaveri hill, cut hill,great hill of cliff, Arechli Hill, Chizanian Hill and etc) existing near the Wrecked Hill . Except grape seeds, cultural wheat, leguminous remains,agricultural tools and pottery made of clay, were also found, which proves that humans of VI-V C. Sec. VI-V millennium BC, Neolithic age, led agricaltural business, cultivating grapes and wheat as well.
While excavating settelements, some clay pottery clats for wine, were discovered which indicates that in Neolithic age, it was not the beginning but well developed stage of productive economy in the territory of Georgia and vine domestication had been started by locals quite earlier.
The things such as : Neolithic qvevri type of pottery, vine fossil seeds, fragments of wine clay vessels, sediment tartaric acid and vine dust, wild and indigenous species diversity, unique wine vessel - the Qvevri and wine-making oldest technologies, found during archaeological excavations, indicate that Georgia is the oldest country where wine-making took place.
The most attention , from the facts of Shulaver-shomutepes, is attracted by type of pottery, found in big hill of Khrami, which scientists consider to be qvevri ancestor. It is currently exhibited in the National Museum of Georgia and is considered to be the world's oldest wine vessel.
Even in pagan period , wine bore ritual and mystical purpose. Accorging to Georgian folk belief, the patron of viticulture was assumed to be "Agor una" or "Angura". A theatrical form of ritual sacrifice for Aguna, still takes place, in Guria.
With the spread of Christianity, when the wine was percepted as the blood of Christ -the Savior , vineyards and wine in Georgia, gained even greater importance. St. Nino who introduced Christianity to Georgia , appeared with the cross made of vine tendril bound . A great quality of wine has always been and is still preserved in ancient cellars of Monasteries . Georgians considered wine as the divine drink and often used to donate to Saints; Wine, donated to Saints and Church, was called "apart".
As linguists noted, semantic meaning of the word "wine", appears only in Georgian language, and is supposed to be obtained from the verb "to ghvivili". The root of the word - "ghv" - is found in many Georgian words.
The wild grape -Vitis Vinifera Silrestris is still widespread in Georgia. In the early 80-ies, the species of wild vine, entered the “Red Book” of Georgia as the object of state protection. Together with wild vines, more than 500 Georgian vine varieties are depicted in Georgia, 430 ones of which are protected by the state and private collectors’ vineyards.
Georgian people have been occupied by growing and wine making process since ancient times.This period is significant for creating rich culture of wine and variety of vine spieces, cultivation of wild vine , vineyard and caring systems , improving wine vessels and developing qvevri culture , followed by carrying out of wine making process according to Imeretian technologies . Wine obtained sacred meaning and turned out to be the basis of nation's economic well-being for centuries.